Sexual orientation research review
A comprehensive review of evidence up to 2008
Published: March 2008
To provide the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) with a comprehensive review of evidence relating to lesbian, gay and bisexual issues.
This review informed EHRC thinking and provided a foundation from which new policy priorities and research could be identified.
It was published in 2008 and is still useful as a significant reference point today. You can download it here.
- Statistical information – absence of robust statistical information on sexual orientation is a major obstacle to measuring progress and tackling inequality.
- Families and relationships – legislation on civil partnerships had reframed research on LGB relationships. More research is needed of relationship and household patterns among LGB people and levels of social support.
- Education – research on bullying of LGB people in schools, how to address it and what affect it has on attainment remained a priority.
- Employment – there is an absence of reliable information that allows comparison between inequalities in pay to be assessed. Not enough is known about the employment and career pathways of LGB people.
- Housing – there is a need to build on existing qualitative work to map the impact on legislation and policies on the housing experiences of LGB people.
- Crime and Policing – estimates of the level of homophobic hate crime have improved. It was difficult to assess whether increased reported levels were due to better reporting.
- Participation and representation – LGB people perceived barriers to democratic participation by they required further exploration.
- Diversity – research on sub-groups in the LGB population (e.g. disabled people, LGB BME people, etc.) are under-researched.
- Methodological issues – methodological approaches are greatly improved but more transparency in the reporting on research methodologies on which findings were based is needed.
Literature searches and synthesis of existing reviews leading to a comprehensive consideration of over 400 quantitative and qualitative research studies and the methodologies used to support their findings.