Mapping the social and economic characteristics of high density gambling machine zones
Published: November 2011
To look at the relationship between the location and density of gambling machines alongside an area’s social and economic characteristics, paving the way for further research into protecting vulnerable people from gambling-related harm.
We found that areas with a higher density of gambling machines are those where populations tend to be poorer, with lower than average economic activity and more people in lower income, lower status jobs.
It also revealed that although a high density of gambling machines tends to be found in lower income areas, the pattern is more complex;
- Such zones are not always in Britain’s poorer areas – some are in relatively wealthy parts of the country, like Altrincham.
- High density machine zones are typically not present in very central, urban areas, but tend to be around satellite areas and towns; Central London had no high density zones.
- We also found clusters of gambling machines in coastal, suburban or satellite towns such as Lewisham in Greater London and in a notable number of new towns, including Crawley.
- The populations of higher density zones also tend to have higher than average proportions of residents aged 16-34 and over 75.
Working with Geofutures and using a database of gambling premises, we pulled together a series of maps identifying high density machine zones. These zones were then analysed against socio-economic data to see if they were significantly different to other areas.
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